Searching for synaptic transmission : 29 results found | RSS Feed for this search

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT) 9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory. This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory.

Subjects

neuroscience | neuroscience | vision | vision | hearing | hearing | neuroanatomy | neuroanatomy | color vision | color vision | blind spot | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | retinal phototransduction | center-surround receptive fields | center-surround receptive fields | corticalmaps | corticalmaps | primary visual cortex | primary visual cortex | simple cells | simple cells | complex cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | extrastriate cortex | ear | ear | cochlea | cochlea | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | auditory transduction | hair cells | hair cells | phase-locking | phase-locking | tonotopy | tonotopy | sound localization | sound localization | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | somatosensory system | motor system | motor system | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | action potential | action potential | sympathetic neurons | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | cellual neurophysiology | learning | learning | memory | memory

License

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9.013J Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology: The Brain and Cognitive Sciences III (MIT) 9.013J Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology: The Brain and Cognitive Sciences III (MIT)

Description

Subject covers all major areas of cellular and molecular neurobiology including excitable cells and membranes, ion channels and receptors, synaptic transmission, cell type determination, axon guidance and targeting, neuronal cell biology, synapse formation and plasticity. Includes lectures and exams, and involves presentation and discussion of primary literature. Focus on major concepts and recent advances in experimental neuroscience. Subject covers all major areas of cellular and molecular neurobiology including excitable cells and membranes, ion channels and receptors, synaptic transmission, cell type determination, axon guidance and targeting, neuronal cell biology, synapse formation and plasticity. Includes lectures and exams, and involves presentation and discussion of primary literature. Focus on major concepts and recent advances in experimental neuroscience.

Subjects

cellular | cellular | molecular neurobiology | molecular neurobiology | cells | cells | membranes | membranes | receptors | receptors | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | axon guidance | axon guidance | targeting | targeting | neuronal cell biology | neuronal cell biology | synapse formation | synapse formation | plasticity | plasticity | 9.013 | 9.013 | 7.68 | 7.68

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9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audtion (MIT) 9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audtion (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to ground the undergraduate student in the fields of vision and audition, which includes both speech and hearing. The neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control is examined. Topics focus on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies in visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization are also covered. This course is designed to ground the undergraduate student in the fields of vision and audition, which includes both speech and hearing. The neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control is examined. Topics focus on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies in visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization are also covered.

Subjects

visual system | visual system | eye-movement control | eye-movement control | retina | retina | lateral geniculate nucleus | lateral geniculate nucleus | visual cortex | visual cortex | the parallel channels | the parallel channels | color | color | motion | motion | depth | depth | form | form | neural control | neural control | visually guided eye movements | visually guided eye movements | middle ear | middle ear | cochlear | cochlear | otoacoustic emissions | otoacoustic emissions | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | neural degeneration | neural degeneration | neurophysiological | neurophysiological | ascending | ascending | descending | descending | auditory pathways auditory nerve | auditory pathways auditory nerve | cochlear nucleus | cochlear nucleus | inferior colliculus | inferior colliculus | olivocochlear system | olivocochlear system | functional brain imaging | functional brain imaging | tinnitus | tinnitus

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9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audition (MIT) 9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audition (MIT)

Description

Examines the neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control. Focuses on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization. Offered alternate years. Examines the neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control. Focuses on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization. Offered alternate years.

Subjects

visual system | visual system | eye-movement control | eye-movement control | retina | retina | lateral geniculate nucleus | lateral geniculate nucleus | visual cortex | visual cortex | the parallel channels | the parallel channels | color | color | motion | motion | depth | depth | form | form | neural control | neural control | visually guided eye movements | visually guided eye movements | middle ear | middle ear | cochlear | cochlear | otoacoustic emissions | otoacoustic emissions | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | neural degeneration | neural degeneration | neurophysiological | neurophysiological | ascending | ascending | descending | descending | auditory pathways auditory nerve | auditory pathways auditory nerve | cochlear nucleus | cochlear nucleus | inferior colliculus | inferior colliculus | olivocochlear system | olivocochlear system | functional brain imaging | functional brain imaging | tinnitus | tinnitus

License

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9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT) 9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

An introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Includes the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and integration of information in simple systems and the visual system. An introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Includes the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

structure | structure | function | function | nervous system | nervous system | cellular | cellular | neurons | neurons | excitable cells | excitable cells | biophysics | biophysics | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | neurodevelopment | visual system | visual system | 9.09 | 9.09 | 7.29 | 7.29

License

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7.29J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT) 7.29J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system. This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

nervous system | nervous system | neurons | neurons | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | neurodevelopment | membrane channels | membrane channels | resting potential | resting potential | action potential | action potential | synapse | synapse | neurotransmitters | neurotransmitters | receptors | receptors | axon | axon | olfaction | olfaction | thermoreception | thermoreception

License

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7.340 Learning and Memory: Activity-Controlled Gene Expression in the Nervous System (MIT) 7.340 Learning and Memory: Activity-Controlled Gene Expression in the Nervous System (MIT)

Description

The mammalian brain easily outperforms any computer. It adapts and changes constantly. Most importantly, the brain enables us to continuously learn and remember. What are the molecular mechanisms that lead to learning and memory? What are the cellular roles that activity-regulated gene products play to implement changes in the brain?How do nerve cells, their connections (synapses), and brain circuits change over time to store information? We will discuss the molecular mechanisms of neuronal plasticity at the synaptic, cellular and circuit levels, especiallysynapse formation,synaptic growth and stabilization,synaptic transmission,axonal and dendritic outgrowth, andcircuit formationWe will learn about the roles of some activity-regulated genes as well as the tools and techniques employed in The mammalian brain easily outperforms any computer. It adapts and changes constantly. Most importantly, the brain enables us to continuously learn and remember. What are the molecular mechanisms that lead to learning and memory? What are the cellular roles that activity-regulated gene products play to implement changes in the brain?How do nerve cells, their connections (synapses), and brain circuits change over time to store information? We will discuss the molecular mechanisms of neuronal plasticity at the synaptic, cellular and circuit levels, especiallysynapse formation,synaptic growth and stabilization,synaptic transmission,axonal and dendritic outgrowth, andcircuit formationWe will learn about the roles of some activity-regulated genes as well as the tools and techniques employed in

Subjects

learning | learning | memory | memory | genes | genes | genetic expression | genetic expression | nervous system | nervous system | neuroscience | neuroscience | neuronal plasticity | neuronal plasticity | synapse formation | synapse formation | synaptic growth | synaptic growth | synaptic stabilization | synaptic stabilization | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | axonal outgrowth | axonal outgrowth | dendritic outgrowth | dendritic outgrowth | neural circuit formation | neural circuit formation

License

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT) 9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain. This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain.

Subjects

neuroscience | neuroscience | vision | vision | hearing | hearing | neuroanatomy | neuroanatomy | color vision | color vision | blind spot | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | retinal phototransduction | cortical maps | cortical maps | primary visual cortex | primary visual cortex | complex cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | extrastriate cortex | ear | ear | cochlea | cochlea | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | auditory transduction | hair cells | hair cells | phase-locking | phase-locking | sound localization | sound localization | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | somatosensory system | motor system | motor system | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | action potential | action potential | sympathetic neurons | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | cellual neurophysiology | learning | learning | memory | memory

License

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9.013J Cell and Molecular Neurobiology (MIT) 9.013J Cell and Molecular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

This course explores the major areas of cellular and molecular neurobiology, including excitable cells and membranes, ion channels and receptors, synaptic transmission, cell-type determination, axon guidance, neuronal cell biology, neurotrophin signaling and cell survival, synapse formation and neural plasticity. Material includes lectures and exams, and involves presentation and discussion of primary literature. It focuses on major concepts and recent advances in experimental neuroscience. This course explores the major areas of cellular and molecular neurobiology, including excitable cells and membranes, ion channels and receptors, synaptic transmission, cell-type determination, axon guidance, neuronal cell biology, neurotrophin signaling and cell survival, synapse formation and neural plasticity. Material includes lectures and exams, and involves presentation and discussion of primary literature. It focuses on major concepts and recent advances in experimental neuroscience.

Subjects

cellular | cellular | molecular neurobiology | molecular neurobiology | cells | cells | membranes | membranes | ion channels | ion channels | receptors | receptors | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | axon guidance | axon guidance | targeting | targeting | neuronal cell biology | neuronal cell biology | synapse formation | synapse formation | plasticity | plasticity

License

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9.16 Cellular Neurophysiology (MIT) 9.16 Cellular Neurophysiology (MIT)

Description

This course includes: Surveying the molecular and cellular mechanisms of neuronal communication. Coversion channels in excitable membrane, synaptic transmission, and synaptic plasticity. Correlation of the properties of ion channels and synaptic transmission with their physiological function such as learning and memory. Discussion of the organizational principles for the formation of functional neural networks at synaptic and cellular levels. This course includes: Surveying the molecular and cellular mechanisms of neuronal communication. Coversion channels in excitable membrane, synaptic transmission, and synaptic plasticity. Correlation of the properties of ion channels and synaptic transmission with their physiological function such as learning and memory. Discussion of the organizational principles for the formation of functional neural networks at synaptic and cellular levels.

Subjects

molecular | molecular | cellular mechanisms | cellular mechanisms | neuronal communication | neuronal communication | ion channels | ion channels | excitable membrane | excitable membrane | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | synaptic plasticity | synaptic plasticity | physiology | physiology | function | function | neural networks | neural networks

License

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HST.721 The Peripheral Auditory System (MIT) HST.721 The Peripheral Auditory System (MIT)

Description

In this course, experimental approaches to the study of hearing and deafness are presented through lectures, laboratory exercises and discussions of the primary literature on the auditory periphery. Topics include inner-ear development, functional anatomy of the inner ear, cochlear mechanics and micromechanics, mechano-electric transduction by hair cells, outer hair cells' electromotility and the cochlear amplifier, otoacoustic emissions, synaptic transmission, stimulus coding in auditory nerve responses, efferent control of cochlear function, damage and repair of hair-cell organs, and sensorineural hearing loss. In this course, experimental approaches to the study of hearing and deafness are presented through lectures, laboratory exercises and discussions of the primary literature on the auditory periphery. Topics include inner-ear development, functional anatomy of the inner ear, cochlear mechanics and micromechanics, mechano-electric transduction by hair cells, outer hair cells' electromotility and the cochlear amplifier, otoacoustic emissions, synaptic transmission, stimulus coding in auditory nerve responses, efferent control of cochlear function, damage and repair of hair-cell organs, and sensorineural hearing loss.

Subjects

peripheral auditory system | peripheral auditory system | hair cells | hair cells | frequency tuning | frequency tuning | cochlear mechanics | cochlear mechanics | mechano-electric transduction | mechano-electric transduction | outer hair cells | outer hair cells | electromotility | electromotility | cochlear amplifier | cochlear amplifier | endocochlear potential | endocochlear potential | inner ear | inner ear | ear | ear | afferent synaptic transmission | afferent synaptic transmission | auditory nerve response | auditory nerve response | auditory pathway | auditory pathway | middle ear | middle ear

License

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HST.720 Physiology of the Ear (MIT) HST.720 Physiology of the Ear (MIT)

Description

Topics for this course are based primarily on reading and discussions of original research literature that cover the analysis as well as the underlying physical and physiological mechanisms of acoustic signals in the auditory periphery. Topics include the acoustics, mechanics, and hydrodynamics of sound transmission; the biophysical basis for cochlear amplification; the physiology of hair-cell transduction and synaptic transmission; efferent feedback control; the analysis and coding of simple and complex sounds by the inner ear; and the physiological bases for hearing disorders. Topics for this course are based primarily on reading and discussions of original research literature that cover the analysis as well as the underlying physical and physiological mechanisms of acoustic signals in the auditory periphery. Topics include the acoustics, mechanics, and hydrodynamics of sound transmission; the biophysical basis for cochlear amplification; the physiology of hair-cell transduction and synaptic transmission; efferent feedback control; the analysis and coding of simple and complex sounds by the inner ear; and the physiological bases for hearing disorders.

Subjects

cochlear physiology | cochlear physiology | cochlea | cochlea | ear | ear | ear canal | ear canal | inner ear | inner ear | middle ear | middle ear | outer ear | outer ear | auditory pathway | auditory pathway | auditory nerve | auditory nerve | auditory brainstem | auditory brainstem | acoustic coupling | acoustic coupling | auditory periphery | auditory periphery | acoustic signals | acoustic signals | sound transmission | sound transmission | cochlear amplification | cochlear amplification | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | hair cell transduction | hair cell transduction | efferent feedback control | efferent feedback control | hearing disorders | hearing disorders | hearing | hearing | cochlear mechanics | cochlear mechanics | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory nerve fiber response | auditory nerve fiber response | otoacoustic emissions | otoacoustic emissions | outer hair cell | outer hair cell

License

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7.343 Biological Bases of Learning and Memory (MIT) 7.343 Biological Bases of Learning and Memory (MIT)

Description

How does the brain come to learn whether a stimulus is annoying, rewarding or neutral? How does remembering how to ride a bicycle differ from remembering scenes from a movie? In this course, students will explore the concept that learning and memory have a physical basis that can be observed as biochemical, physiological and/or morphological changes to neural tissue. Our goal will be to understand the strategies and techniques biologists use to search for the memory trace: the "holy grail" of modern neuroscience. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interact How does the brain come to learn whether a stimulus is annoying, rewarding or neutral? How does remembering how to ride a bicycle differ from remembering scenes from a movie? In this course, students will explore the concept that learning and memory have a physical basis that can be observed as biochemical, physiological and/or morphological changes to neural tissue. Our goal will be to understand the strategies and techniques biologists use to search for the memory trace: the "holy grail" of modern neuroscience. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interact

Subjects

learning | learning | memory | memory | neural tissue | neural tissue | neuronal connections | neuronal connections | synapse formation | synapse formation | synapse stabilization | synapse stabilization | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | synaptic plasticity | synaptic plasticity | neuromodulation | neuromodulation | experience-dependent circuit remodeling | experience-dependent circuit remodeling | neuroscience | neuroscience | pre- and post-synaptic mechanisms | pre- and post-synaptic mechanisms | neurotransmitter release | neurotransmitter release | activity-regulated genes | activity-regulated genes | hippocampus | hippocampus | long-term potentiation | long-term potentiation | long-term depression | long-term depression | cerebellar plasticity | cerebellar plasticity | Non-Associative | Non-Associative | Associative | Associative | cpg15 | cpg15 | experience-dependent synaptic plasticity | experience-dependent synaptic plasticity | perceptual learning | perceptual learning | observational learning | observational learning

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9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT) 9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system. This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

neurobiology | neurobiology | structure | structure | function | function | nervous system | nervous system | cellular | cellular | neurons | neurons | excitable cells | excitable cells | biophysics | biophysics | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | neurodevelopment | visual system | visual system | neuromuscular junction | neuromuscular junction | membrane channels | membrane channels | signaling | signaling | ion channels | ion channels | action potential | action potential | neurotransmitters | neurotransmitters | biochemistry | biochemistry | synapses | synapses | learning | learning | memory | memory | axons | axons | hearing | hearing | thermoreception | thermoreception | pain | pain | cognitive function | cognitive function | 9.09 | 9.09 | 7.29 | 7.29

License

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9.16 Cellular Neurophysiology (MIT)

Description

This course includes: Surveying the molecular and cellular mechanisms of neuronal communication. Coversion channels in excitable membrane, synaptic transmission, and synaptic plasticity. Correlation of the properties of ion channels and synaptic transmission with their physiological function such as learning and memory. Discussion of the organizational principles for the formation of functional neural networks at synaptic and cellular levels.

Subjects

molecular | cellular mechanisms | neuronal communication | ion channels | excitable membrane | synaptic transmission | synaptic plasticity | physiology | function | neural networks

License

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9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

neurobiology | structure | function | nervous system | cellular | neurons | excitable cells | biophysics | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | visual system | neuromuscular junction | membrane channels | signaling | ion channels | action potential | neurotransmitters | biochemistry | synapses | learning | memory | axons | hearing | thermoreception | pain | cognitive function | 9.09 | 7.29

License

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory.

Subjects

neuroscience | vision | hearing | neuroanatomy | color vision | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | center-surround receptive fields | corticalmaps | primary visual cortex | simple cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | ear | cochlea | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | hair cells | phase-locking | tonotopy | sound localization | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | motor system | synaptic transmission | action potential | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | learning | memory

License

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9.013J Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology: The Brain and Cognitive Sciences III (MIT)

Description

Subject covers all major areas of cellular and molecular neurobiology including excitable cells and membranes, ion channels and receptors, synaptic transmission, cell type determination, axon guidance and targeting, neuronal cell biology, synapse formation and plasticity. Includes lectures and exams, and involves presentation and discussion of primary literature. Focus on major concepts and recent advances in experimental neuroscience.

Subjects

cellular | molecular neurobiology | cells | membranes | receptors | synaptic transmission | axon guidance | targeting | neuronal cell biology | synapse formation | plasticity | 9.013 | 7.68

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9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audtion (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to ground the undergraduate student in the fields of vision and audition, which includes both speech and hearing. The neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control is examined. Topics focus on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies in visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization are also covered.

Subjects

visual system | eye-movement control | retina | lateral geniculate nucleus | visual cortex | the parallel channels | color | motion | depth | form | neural control | visually guided eye movements | middle ear | cochlear | otoacoustic emissions | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | neural degeneration | neurophysiological | ascending | descending | auditory pathways auditory nerve | cochlear nucleus | inferior colliculus | olivocochlear system | functional brain imaging | tinnitus

License

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9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audition (MIT)

Description

Examines the neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control. Focuses on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization. Offered alternate years.

Subjects

visual system | eye-movement control | retina | lateral geniculate nucleus | visual cortex | the parallel channels | color | motion | depth | form | neural control | visually guided eye movements | middle ear | cochlear | otoacoustic emissions | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | neural degeneration | neurophysiological | ascending | descending | auditory pathways auditory nerve | cochlear nucleus | inferior colliculus | olivocochlear system | functional brain imaging | tinnitus

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

An introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Includes the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

structure | function | nervous system | cellular | neurons | excitable cells | biophysics | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | visual system | 9.09 | 7.29

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.343 Biological Bases of Learning and Memory (MIT)

Description

How does the brain come to learn whether a stimulus is annoying, rewarding or neutral? How does remembering how to ride a bicycle differ from remembering scenes from a movie? In this course, students will explore the concept that learning and memory have a physical basis that can be observed as biochemical, physiological and/or morphological changes to neural tissue. Our goal will be to understand the strategies and techniques biologists use to search for the memory trace: the "holy grail" of modern neuroscience. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interact

Subjects

learning | memory | neural tissue | neuronal connections | synapse formation | synapse stabilization | synaptic transmission | synaptic plasticity | neuromodulation | experience-dependent circuit remodeling | neuroscience | pre- and post-synaptic mechanisms | neurotransmitter release | activity-regulated genes | hippocampus | long-term potentiation | long-term depression | cerebellar plasticity | Non-Associative | Associative | cpg15 | experience-dependent synaptic plasticity | perceptual learning | observational learning

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.29J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

nervous system | neurons | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | membrane channels | resting potential | action potential | synapse | neurotransmitters | receptors | axon | olfaction | thermoreception

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.340 Learning and Memory: Activity-Controlled Gene Expression in the Nervous System (MIT)

Description

The mammalian brain easily outperforms any computer. It adapts and changes constantly. Most importantly, the brain enables us to continuously learn and remember. What are the molecular mechanisms that lead to learning and memory? What are the cellular roles that activity-regulated gene products play to implement changes in the brain?How do nerve cells, their connections (synapses), and brain circuits change over time to store information? We will discuss the molecular mechanisms of neuronal plasticity at the synaptic, cellular and circuit levels, especiallysynapse formation,synaptic growth and stabilization,synaptic transmission,axonal and dendritic outgrowth, andcircuit formationWe will learn about the roles of some activity-regulated genes as well as the tools and techniques employed in

Subjects

learning | memory | genes | genetic expression | nervous system | neuroscience | neuronal plasticity | synapse formation | synaptic growth | synaptic stabilization | synaptic transmission | axonal outgrowth | dendritic outgrowth | neural circuit formation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain.

Subjects

neuroscience | vision | hearing | neuroanatomy | color vision | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | cortical maps | primary visual cortex | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | ear | cochlea | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | hair cells | phase-locking | sound localization | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | motor system | synaptic transmission | action potential | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | learning | memory

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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