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20.201 Mechanisms of Drug Actions (MIT) 20.201 Mechanisms of Drug Actions (MIT)

Description

This course addresses the scientific basis for the development of new drugs. The first half of the semester begins with an overview of the drug discovery process, followed by fundamental principles of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, metabolism, and the mechanisms by which drugs cause therapeutic and toxic responses. The second half of the semester applies those principles to case studies and literature discussions of current problems with specific drugs, drug classes, and therapeutic targets. This course addresses the scientific basis for the development of new drugs. The first half of the semester begins with an overview of the drug discovery process, followed by fundamental principles of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, metabolism, and the mechanisms by which drugs cause therapeutic and toxic responses. The second half of the semester applies those principles to case studies and literature discussions of current problems with specific drugs, drug classes, and therapeutic targets.

Subjects

drugs | drugs | medicine | medicine | pharmaceutical | pharmaceutical | pharmacology | pharmacology | toxicology | toxicology | drug actions | drug actions | therapeutics | therapeutics | histology | histology | pathophysiology | pathophysiology | drug therapy | drug therapy | drug transporters | drug transporters | drug metabolism | drug metabolism | drug toxicity | drug toxicity | drug development | drug development | uptake | uptake | transport | transport | case study | case study | biochemistry | biochemistry | Pharmacokinetics | Pharmacokinetics | Pharmacogenetics | Pharmacogenetics | Omeprazole | Omeprazole | antibiotics | antibiotics | Oncology | Oncology | Statins | Statins | Sarilumab | Sarilumab | cystic fibrosis | cystic fibrosis

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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20.201 Mechanisms of Drug Actions (MIT) 20.201 Mechanisms of Drug Actions (MIT)

Description

This course covers the chemical and biological analysis of the metabolism and distribution of drugs, toxins and chemicals in animals and humans, and the mechanism by which they cause therapeutic and toxic responses. Metabolism and toxicity as a basis for drug development is also covered. This course covers the chemical and biological analysis of the metabolism and distribution of drugs, toxins and chemicals in animals and humans, and the mechanism by which they cause therapeutic and toxic responses. Metabolism and toxicity as a basis for drug development is also covered.

Subjects

pharmacology | pharmacology | toxicology | toxicology | drug actions | drug actions | therapeutics | therapeutics | histology | histology | pathophysiology | pathophysiology | drug therapy | drug therapy | drug transporters | drug transporters | drug metabolism | drug metabolism | drug toxicity | drug toxicity | drup development | drup development | uptake | uptake | transport | transport

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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BE.104J Chemicals in the Environment: Toxicology and Public Health (MIT) BE.104J Chemicals in the Environment: Toxicology and Public Health (MIT)

Description

This course addresses the challenges of defining a relationship between exposure to environmental chemicals and human disease. Course topics include epidemiological approaches to understanding disease causation; biostatistical methods; evaluation of human exposure to chemicals, and their internal distribution, metabolism, reactions with cellular components, and biological effects; and qualitative and quantitative health risk assessment methods used in the U.S. as bases for regulatory decision-making. Throughout the term, students consider case studies of local and national interest. This course addresses the challenges of defining a relationship between exposure to environmental chemicals and human disease. Course topics include epidemiological approaches to understanding disease causation; biostatistical methods; evaluation of human exposure to chemicals, and their internal distribution, metabolism, reactions with cellular components, and biological effects; and qualitative and quantitative health risk assessment methods used in the U.S. as bases for regulatory decision-making. Throughout the term, students consider case studies of local and national interest.

Subjects

biostatistics | biostatistics | risk | risk | risk analysis | risk analysis | risk factor | risk factor | environmental agent | environmental agent | environetics | environetics | cause and effect | cause and effect | pollution | pollution | statistical analysis | statistical analysis | toxic | toxic | genetics | genetics | disease | disease | health | health | EPA | EPA | metabolism | metabolism | endocrine | endocrine | immunity | immunity | uncertainty | uncertainty | mortality | mortality | death rate | death rate | prediction | prediction

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.151 Principles of Pharmacology (MIT) HST.151 Principles of Pharmacology (MIT)

Description

The objective of this course is to present a conceptual approach to the study of pharmacological agents. Emphasis is on the principles that determine drug actions and disposition. The course is not intended to be a review of the pharmacopeia nor to replace discussions of specific relevant drugs in the organ systems Health Sciences and Technology pathophysiology courses. The objective of this course is to present a conceptual approach to the study of pharmacological agents. Emphasis is on the principles that determine drug actions and disposition. The course is not intended to be a review of the pharmacopeia nor to replace discussions of specific relevant drugs in the organ systems Health Sciences and Technology pathophysiology courses.

Subjects

health care | health care | pharmacology | pharmacology | pharmacologic agents | pharmacologic agents | medical | medical | pre-clinical | pre-clinical | biophysics | biophysics | biochemistry | biochemistry | physiology related to drug action | physiology related to drug action | interaction | interaction | distribution | distribution | metabolism | metabolism | toxicity | toxicity

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.32 Environmental Politics and Policy (MIT) 17.32 Environmental Politics and Policy (MIT)

Description

"Environmental Politics & Policy" explores the workings of environmental policymaking in the United States. What are the big issues facing environmental policy? How did we end up with the policies we have today? Why does it take a crisis to move environmental policy forward? Why do political factors - economic interests, social and political values, bureaucratic styles, ideologies, elections, etc. - always seem to overwhelm sound scientific and engineering judgment in determining policy outcomes? Case studies ranging from cleaning up toxic waste pollution to endangered species protection probe the clashes between science and politics at local, state, and federal levels. "Environmental Politics & Policy" explores the workings of environmental policymaking in the United States. What are the big issues facing environmental policy? How did we end up with the policies we have today? Why does it take a crisis to move environmental policy forward? Why do political factors - economic interests, social and political values, bureaucratic styles, ideologies, elections, etc. - always seem to overwhelm sound scientific and engineering judgment in determining policy outcomes? Case studies ranging from cleaning up toxic waste pollution to endangered species protection probe the clashes between science and politics at local, state, and federal levels.

Subjects

environmental policy | environmental policy | environmentalism | environmentalism | Clean Air Act | Clean Air Act | Clean Water Act | Clean Water Act | wetlands | wetlands | endangered species | endangered species | biodiversity | biodiversity | toxic waste | toxic waste | public lands | public lands | urban sprawl | urban sprawl | climate change | climate change | global warming | global warming

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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10.805J Technology, Law, and the Working Environment (MIT) 10.805J Technology, Law, and the Working Environment (MIT)

Description

This course addresses the relationship between technology-related problems and the law applicable to work environment. The National Labor Relations Act, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, state worker's compensation, and suits by workers in the courts are discussed in the course. Problems related to occupational health and safety, collective bargaining as a mechanism for altering technology in the workplace, job alienation, productivity, and the organization of work are also addressed. Prior courses or experience in environmental, public health, or law-related areas will be useful. This course addresses the relationship between technology-related problems and the law applicable to work environment. The National Labor Relations Act, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, state worker's compensation, and suits by workers in the courts are discussed in the course. Problems related to occupational health and safety, collective bargaining as a mechanism for altering technology in the workplace, job alienation, productivity, and the organization of work are also addressed. Prior courses or experience in environmental, public health, or law-related areas will be useful.

Subjects

10.805 | 10.805 | ESD.136 | ESD.136 | National Labor Relations Act | National Labor Relations Act | Occupational Safety and Health Act | Occupational Safety and Health Act | Toxic Substances Control Act | Toxic Substances Control Act | state worker's compensation | state worker's compensation | occupational health and safety | occupational health and safety | collective bargaining | collective bargaining | altering technology in the workplace | altering technology in the workplace | job alienation | job alienation | productivity | productivity | organization of work | organization of work | environmental law | environmental law | public health | public health | regulation of toxic substances and processes | regulation of toxic substances and processes | economics of health and safety | economics of health and safety | labor and anti-discrimination law | labor and anti-discrimination law | workers' right-to-know | workers' right-to-know

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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10.492-2 Integrated Chemical Engineering Topics I: Introduction to Biocatalysis (MIT) 10.492-2 Integrated Chemical Engineering Topics I: Introduction to Biocatalysis (MIT)

Description

This course provides a brief introduction to the field of biocatalysis in the context of process design. Fundamental topics include why and when one may choose to use biological systems for chemical conversion, considerations for using free enzymes versus whole cells, and issues related to design and development of bioconversion processes. Biological and engineering problems are discussed as well as how one may arrive at both biological and engineering solutions. This course provides a brief introduction to the field of biocatalysis in the context of process design. Fundamental topics include why and when one may choose to use biological systems for chemical conversion, considerations for using free enzymes versus whole cells, and issues related to design and development of bioconversion processes. Biological and engineering problems are discussed as well as how one may arrive at both biological and engineering solutions.

Subjects

biocatalysis | biocatalysis | enzymes | enzymes | enzyme kinetics | enzyme kinetics | whole cell catalysts | whole cell catalysts | biocatalytic processes | biocatalytic processes | site-directed mutagenesis | site-directed mutagenesis | cloning | cloning | enzyme performance | enzyme performance | enzyme specificity | enzyme specificity | enzyme inhibition | enzyme inhibition | enzyme toxicity | enzyme toxicity | yield | yield | enzyme instability | enzyme instability | equilibrium reactions | equilibrium reactions | product solubility | product solubility | substrate solubility | substrate solubility

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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20.201 Mechanisms of Drug Actions (MIT)

Description

This course covers the chemical and biological analysis of the metabolism and distribution of drugs, toxins and chemicals in animals and humans, and the mechanism by which they cause therapeutic and toxic responses. Metabolism and toxicity as a basis for drug development is also covered.

Subjects

pharmacology | toxicology | drug actions | therapeutics | histology | pathophysiology | drug therapy | drug transporters | drug metabolism | drug toxicity | drup development | uptake | transport

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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20.104J Chemicals in the Environment: Toxicology and Public Health (BE.104J) (MIT) 20.104J Chemicals in the Environment: Toxicology and Public Health (BE.104J) (MIT)

Description

This course addresses the challenges of defining a relationship between exposure to environmental chemicals and human disease. Course topics include epidemiological approaches to understanding disease causation; biostatistical methods; evaluation of human exposure to chemicals, and their internal distribution, metabolism, reactions with cellular components, and biological effects; and qualitative and quantitative health risk assessment methods used in the U.S. as bases for regulatory decision-making. Throughout the term, students consider case studies of local and national interest. This course addresses the challenges of defining a relationship between exposure to environmental chemicals and human disease. Course topics include epidemiological approaches to understanding disease causation; biostatistical methods; evaluation of human exposure to chemicals, and their internal distribution, metabolism, reactions with cellular components, and biological effects; and qualitative and quantitative health risk assessment methods used in the U.S. as bases for regulatory decision-making. Throughout the term, students consider case studies of local and national interest.

Subjects

biostatistics | biostatistics | risk | risk | risk analysis | risk analysis | risk factor | risk factor | environmental agent | environmental agent | environetics | environetics | cause and effect | cause and effect | pollution | pollution | statistical analysis | statistical analysis | toxic | toxic | genetics | genetics | disease | disease | health | health | EPA | EPA | metabolism | metabolism | endocrine | endocrine | immunity | immunity | uncertainty | uncertainty | mortality | mortality | death rate | death rate | prediction | prediction | 20.104 | 20.104 | 1.081 | 1.081 | ESD.053 | ESD.053 | BE.104J | BE.104J | BE.104 | BE.104

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.151 Principles of Pharmacology (MIT) HST.151 Principles of Pharmacology (MIT)

Description

The object of the course is to teach students an approach to the study of pharmacologic agents. It is not intended to be a review of the pharmacopoeia. The focus is on the basic principles of biophysics, biochemistry and physiology, as related to the mechanisms of drug action, biodistribution and metabolism. The course consists of lectures and student-led case discussions. Topics covered include: mechanisms of drug action, dose-response relations, pharmacokinetics, drug delivery systems, drug metabolism, toxicity of pharmacological agents, drug interaction and substance abuse. Selected agents and classes of agents are examined in detail. Lecturers Prof. Keith Baker Dr. Mark Dershwitz Harold Demonaco Dr. Daniel Kohane Dr. Donald Kufe Prof. Robert Langer Dr. Robert Lees Dr. Robert Rubin The object of the course is to teach students an approach to the study of pharmacologic agents. It is not intended to be a review of the pharmacopoeia. The focus is on the basic principles of biophysics, biochemistry and physiology, as related to the mechanisms of drug action, biodistribution and metabolism. The course consists of lectures and student-led case discussions. Topics covered include: mechanisms of drug action, dose-response relations, pharmacokinetics, drug delivery systems, drug metabolism, toxicity of pharmacological agents, drug interaction and substance abuse. Selected agents and classes of agents are examined in detail. Lecturers Prof. Keith Baker Dr. Mark Dershwitz Harold Demonaco Dr. Daniel Kohane Dr. Donald Kufe Prof. Robert Langer Dr. Robert Lees Dr. Robert Rubin

Subjects

health care | health care | pharmacology | pharmacology | pharmacologic agents | pharmacologic agents | medical | medical | pre-clinical | pre-clinical | biophysics | biophysics | biochemistry | biochemistry | physiology related to drug action | physiology related to drug action | interaction | interaction | distribution | distribution | metabolism | metabolism | toxicity | toxicity

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Getting the dose right

Description

Too high a dose can result in toxicity and side-effects, too low a dose can cause the illness to come back and at worse develop resistance. Professor Joel Tarning is Head of Clinical Pharmacology in our MORU Unit in Bangkok, Thailand. He's working towards drug dose-optimisation using novel pharmacometric modelling approaches. He is particularly interested in antimalarial treatments for children and pregnant women. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

pharmacology | malaria | toxicity | drug resistance | pharmacology | malaria | toxicity | drug resistance

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Getting the dose right

Description

Too high a dose can result in toxicity and side-effects, too low a dose can cause the illness to come back and at worse develop resistance. Professor Joel Tarning is Head of Clinical Pharmacology in our MORU Unit in Bangkok, Thailand. He's working towards drug dose-optimisation using novel pharmacometric modelling approaches. He is particularly interested in antimalarial treatments for children and pregnant women. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

pharmacology | malaria | toxicity | drug resistance | pharmacology | malaria | toxicity | drug resistance

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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20.201 Mechanisms of Drug Actions (MIT)

Description

This course covers the chemical and biological analysis of the metabolism and distribution of drugs, toxins and chemicals in animals and humans, and the mechanism by which they cause therapeutic and toxic responses. Metabolism and toxicity as a basis for drug development is also covered.

Subjects

pharmacology | toxicology | drug actions | therapeutics | histology | pathophysiology | drug therapy | drug transporters | drug metabolism | drug toxicity | drup development | uptake | transport

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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20.201 Mechanisms of Drug Actions (MIT)

Description

This course addresses the scientific basis for the development of new drugs. The first half of the semester begins with an overview of the drug discovery process, followed by fundamental principles of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, metabolism, and the mechanisms by which drugs cause therapeutic and toxic responses. The second half of the semester applies those principles to case studies and literature discussions of current problems with specific drugs, drug classes, and therapeutic targets.

Subjects

drugs | medicine | pharmaceutical | pharmacology | toxicology | drug actions | therapeutics | histology | pathophysiology | drug therapy | drug transporters | drug metabolism | drug toxicity | drug development | uptake | transport | case study | biochemistry | Pharmacokinetics | Pharmacogenetics | Omeprazole | antibiotics | Oncology | Statins | Sarilumab | cystic fibrosis

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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ÍA (2011)

Description

El programa de la asignatura Inmunología se ha elaborado con el objetivo de estudiar las bases funcionales del sistema inmunitario, para así poder comprender los mecanismos de reconocimiento, activación, maduración y papel efector de este sistema en su función defensiva. También se profundizará a lo largo del curso en los mecanismos inmunopatológicos responsables de enfermedades producidas por alteración de la respuesta inmunitaria. Por último, los estudiantes se familiarizarán con las principales técnicas y aparataje utilizados en los laboratorios de diagnóstico inmunológico y serológico, cuyo fundamento se expondrá durante el curso para luego ponerlo en práctica bien en sesiones prácticas con la realización de técnicas básicas, bien mediante visitas guiadas a laborat

Subjects

MICROBIOLOGIA | ía | alergia | anticuerpo | autoinmunidad | citotoxicidad | áncer | ármaco | linfocito | trasplante

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/es/

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10.805J Technology, Law, and the Working Environment (MIT)

Description

This course addresses the relationship between technology-related problems and the law applicable to work environment. The National Labor Relations Act, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, state worker's compensation, and suits by workers in the courts are discussed in the course. Problems related to occupational health and safety, collective bargaining as a mechanism for altering technology in the workplace, job alienation, productivity, and the organization of work are also addressed. Prior courses or experience in environmental, public health, or law-related areas will be useful.

Subjects

10.805 | ESD.136 | National Labor Relations Act | Occupational Safety and Health Act | Toxic Substances Control Act | state worker's compensation | occupational health and safety | collective bargaining | altering technology in the workplace | job alienation | productivity | organization of work | environmental law | public health | regulation of toxic substances and processes | economics of health and safety | labor and anti-discrimination law | workers' right-to-know

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.151 Principles of Pharmacology (MIT)

Description

The object of the course is to teach students an approach to the study of pharmacologic agents. It is not intended to be a review of the pharmacopoeia. The focus is on the basic principles of biophysics, biochemistry and physiology, as related to the mechanisms of drug action, biodistribution and metabolism. The course consists of lectures and student-led case discussions. Topics covered include: mechanisms of drug action, dose-response relations, pharmacokinetics, drug delivery systems, drug metabolism, toxicity of pharmacological agents, drug interaction and substance abuse. Selected agents and classes of agents are examined in detail. Lecturers Prof. Keith Baker Dr. Mark Dershwitz Harold Demonaco Dr. Daniel Kohane Dr. Donald Kufe Prof. Robert Langer Dr. Robert Lees Dr. Robert Rubin

Subjects

health care | pharmacology | pharmacologic agents | medical | pre-clinical | biophysics | biochemistry | physiology related to drug action | interaction | distribution | metabolism | toxicity

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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10.492-2 Integrated Chemical Engineering Topics I: Introduction to Biocatalysis (MIT)

Description

This course provides a brief introduction to the field of biocatalysis in the context of process design. Fundamental topics include why and when one may choose to use biological systems for chemical conversion, considerations for using free enzymes versus whole cells, and issues related to design and development of bioconversion processes. Biological and engineering problems are discussed as well as how one may arrive at both biological and engineering solutions.

Subjects

biocatalysis | enzymes | enzyme kinetics | whole cell catalysts | biocatalytic processes | site-directed mutagenesis | cloning | enzyme performance | enzyme specificity | enzyme inhibition | enzyme toxicity | yield | enzyme instability | equilibrium reactions | product solubility | substrate solubility

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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X0002P0221

Description

Toxic cow

Subjects

svmsvet | cow | bovine | toxic | ecoli

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/

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X0002P0220

Description

Toxic cow drinking water

Subjects

svmsvet | cow | bovine | toxic | ecoli

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/

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X0002P0217

Description

Toxic cow in pen/crush

Subjects

svmsvet | cow | bovine | toxic | ecoli

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/

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X0002P0218

Description

Toxic mastitis - Secretion

Subjects

svmsvet | sample | toxic | mastitis

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/

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E0000P0084

Description

A box and bottle of Finadyne - Flunixin meglumin

Subjects

svmsvet | finadyne | flunixin | injection | injectable | antiinflammatory | cow | cattle | horse | equine | nonsteroidal | pig | antiendotoxic | antipyretic

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/

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D0000P0361

Description

Blood smear from a cat demonstrating toxic changes in the neutrophils and rouleux of the erythrocytes.

Subjects

feline | cat | blood | smear | bloodsmear | erythrocytes | rouleux | toxic | leftshift | neutrophil | neutrophils | svmsvet | redbloodcell | erythrocyte

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/

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D0000P0359

Description

Blood smear from a cat demonstrating toxic changes in the neutrophils and rouleux of the erythrocytes. Howell jolly bodies evident.

Subjects

feline | cat | blood | smear | bloodsmear | erythrocytes | rouleux | toxic | leftshift | neutrophil | neutrophils | howelljolly | howelljollybodies | svmsvet | redbloodcell | erythrocyte

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/

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