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12.581 Phase Transitions in the Earth's Interior (MIT) 12.581 Phase Transitions in the Earth's Interior (MIT)

Description

This course discusses phase transitions in Earth's interior. Phase transitions in Earth materials at high pressures and temperatures cause the seismic discontinuities and affect the convections in the Earth's interior. On the other hand, they enable us to constrain temperature and chemical compositions in the Earth's interior. However, among many known phase transitions in mineral physics, only a few have been investigated in seismology and geodynamics. This course reviews important papers about phase transitions in mantle and core materials. This course discusses phase transitions in Earth's interior. Phase transitions in Earth materials at high pressures and temperatures cause the seismic discontinuities and affect the convections in the Earth's interior. On the other hand, they enable us to constrain temperature and chemical compositions in the Earth's interior. However, among many known phase transitions in mineral physics, only a few have been investigated in seismology and geodynamics. This course reviews important papers about phase transitions in mantle and core materials.

Subjects

Earth | Earth | mantle | mantle | phase transitions | phase transitions | transition zone | transition zone | post-spinel transition | post-spinel transition | seismic discontinuities | seismic discontinuities | D'' discontinuity | D'' discontinuity | D'' anisotropy | D'' anisotropy | post-perovskite transition and spin transition | post-perovskite transition and spin transition

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.581 Phase Transitions in the Earth's Interior (MIT)

Description

This course discusses phase transitions in Earth's interior. Phase transitions in Earth materials at high pressures and temperatures cause the seismic discontinuities and affect the convections in the Earth's interior. On the other hand, they enable us to constrain temperature and chemical compositions in the Earth's interior. However, among many known phase transitions in mineral physics, only a few have been investigated in seismology and geodynamics. This course reviews important papers about phase transitions in mantle and core materials.

Subjects

Earth | mantle | phase transitions | transition zone | post-spinel transition | seismic discontinuities | D'' discontinuity | D'' anisotropy | post-perovskite transition and spin transition

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Transitional justice in the Somali setting

Description

Markus Hoehne, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, gives a talk for the Horn of Africa seminar series workshop 'Post-transitional' directions in the Somalias on 30th April 2013. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | transitional justice | Africa | somalia | post-transition | politics | transitional justice | Africa | somalia | post-transition

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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8.334 Statistical Mechanics II: Statistical Mechanics of Fields (MIT) 8.334 Statistical Mechanics II: Statistical Mechanics of Fields (MIT)

Description

This is the second term in a two-semester course on statistical mechanics. Basic principles are examined in 8.334, such as the laws of thermodynamics and the concepts of temperature, work, heat, and entropy. Topics from modern statistical mechanics are also explored including the hydrodynamic limit and classical field theories. This is the second term in a two-semester course on statistical mechanics. Basic principles are examined in 8.334, such as the laws of thermodynamics and the concepts of temperature, work, heat, and entropy. Topics from modern statistical mechanics are also explored including the hydrodynamic limit and classical field theories.

Subjects

the hydrodynamic limit and classical field theories | the hydrodynamic limit and classical field theories | Phase transitions and broken symmetries: universality | Phase transitions and broken symmetries: universality | correlation functions | and scaling theory | correlation functions | and scaling theory | The renormalization approach to collective phenomena | The renormalization approach to collective phenomena | Dynamic critical behavior | Dynamic critical behavior | Random systems | Random systems | correlation functions | correlation functions | and scaling theory | and scaling theory | Phase transitions and broken symmetries: universality | correlation functions | and scaling theory | Phase transitions and broken symmetries: universality | correlation functions | and scaling theory

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.946 Planning in Transition Economies for Growth and Equity (MIT) 11.946 Planning in Transition Economies for Growth and Equity (MIT)

Description

During the last fifteen years, nations across the globe embarked on a historic transformation away from centrally planned economies to market-oriented ones. However, in the common pursuit for economic growth, these transition countries implemented widely different reform strategies with mixed results. With over a decade of empirical evidence now available, this new course examines this phenomenon that has pushed the discourse in a number of disciplines, requiring us to reconsider fundamental issues such as: the proper relationship between business, government, and the public interest the possible synergies and tensions between economic growth and equity how economic transition has reshaped cities The premise of the course is that the core issue in transition involves institution-building During the last fifteen years, nations across the globe embarked on a historic transformation away from centrally planned economies to market-oriented ones. However, in the common pursuit for economic growth, these transition countries implemented widely different reform strategies with mixed results. With over a decade of empirical evidence now available, this new course examines this phenomenon that has pushed the discourse in a number of disciplines, requiring us to reconsider fundamental issues such as: the proper relationship between business, government, and the public interest the possible synergies and tensions between economic growth and equity how economic transition has reshaped cities The premise of the course is that the core issue in transition involves institution-building

Subjects

centrally planned economies | centrally planned economies | market-oriented economies | market-oriented economies | transition economies | transition economies | the proper relationship between business | the proper relationship between business | government | government | and the public interest | and the public interest | the possible synergies and tensions between economic growth and equity | the possible synergies and tensions between economic growth and equity | how economic transition has reshaped cities | how economic transition has reshaped cities | institution-building and re-building in different contexts | institution-building and re-building in different contexts | Eastern Europe | Eastern Europe | CIS | CIS | Asia | Asia | business | business | public interest | public interest | economic growth | economic growth | equity | equity | cities | cities | institution-building | institution-building | institutions | institutions | liberalization | liberalization | privatization | privatization | entrepreneurs | entrepreneurs | private firms | private firms | law | law | property rights | property rights

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.13 Aerodynamics of Viscous Fluids (MIT) 16.13 Aerodynamics of Viscous Fluids (MIT)

Description

The major focus of 16.13 is on boundary layers, and boundary layer theory subject to various flow assumptions, such as compressibility, turbulence, dimensionality, and heat transfer. Parameters influencing aerodynamic flows and transition and influence of boundary layers on outer potential flow are presented, along with associated stall and drag mechanisms. Numerical solution techniques and exercises are included. The major focus of 16.13 is on boundary layers, and boundary layer theory subject to various flow assumptions, such as compressibility, turbulence, dimensionality, and heat transfer. Parameters influencing aerodynamic flows and transition and influence of boundary layers on outer potential flow are presented, along with associated stall and drag mechanisms. Numerical solution techniques and exercises are included.

Subjects

aerodynamics | aerodynamics | viscous fluids | viscous fluids | viscosity | viscosity | fundamental theorem of kinematics | fundamental theorem of kinematics | convection | convection | vorticity | vorticity | strain | strain | Eulerian description | Eulerian description | Lagrangian description | Lagrangian description | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | continuity | continuity | conservation of momentum | conservation of momentum | stress tensor | stress tensor | newtonian fluid | newtonian fluid | circulation | circulation | Navier-Stokes | Navier-Stokes | similarity | similarity | dimensional analysis | dimensional analysis | thin shear later approximation | thin shear later approximation | TSL coordinates | TSL coordinates | boundary conditions | boundary conditions | shear later categories | shear later categories | local scaling | local scaling | Falkner-Skan flows | Falkner-Skan flows | solution techniques | solution techniques | finite difference methods | finite difference methods | Newton-Raphson | Newton-Raphson | integral momentum equation | integral momentum equation | Thwaites method | Thwaites method | integral kinetic energy equation | integral kinetic energy equation | dissipation | dissipation | asymptotic perturbation | asymptotic perturbation | displacement body | displacement body | transpiration | transpiration | form drag | form drag | stall | stall | interacting boundary layer theory | interacting boundary layer theory | stability | stability | transition | transition | small-perturbation | small-perturbation | Orr-Somemerfeld | Orr-Somemerfeld | temporal amplification | temporal amplification | spatial amplification | spatial amplification | Reynolds | Reynolds | Prandtl | Prandtl | turbulent boundary layer | turbulent boundary layer | wake | wake | wall layers | wall layers | inner variables | inner variables | outer variables | outer variables | roughness | roughness | Clauser | Clauser | Dissipation formula | Dissipation formula | integral closer | integral closer | turbulence modeling | turbulence modeling | transport models | transport models | turbulent shear layers | turbulent shear layers | compressible then shear layers | compressible then shear layers | compressibility | compressibility | temperature profile | temperature profile | heat flux | heat flux | 3D boundary layers | 3D boundary layers | crossflow | crossflow | lateral dilation | lateral dilation | 3D separation | 3D separation | constant-crossflow | constant-crossflow | 3D transition | 3D transition | compressible thin shear layers | compressible thin shear layers

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Do bones have politics? Forensic knowledge, human remains and the politics of the past

Description

Dr. Claire Moon (Senior Lecturer, Department of Sociology and the Human Rights Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science) gives a talk for the OTJR seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

justice | politics | law | transitional justice | history | justice | politics | law | transitional justice | history

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The International Criminal Court and the end of impunity in Kenya

Description

Lionel Nichols (St. Anne's Global Justice Research Fellow, University of Oxford) gives a talk for the OTJR seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

justice | Africa | transitional justice | Kenya | politics | law | justice | Africa | transitional justice | Kenya | politics | law

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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A critical analysis of involvement and accountability as recounted by individuals accused of international crimes at the ICTY

Description

Dr. Mina Rauschenbach (Research Fellow, Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, University of Geneva) gives a talk for the OTJR seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

justice | politics | law | crime | transitional justice | justice | politics | law | crime | transitional justice

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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From victims to actors: Participatory approaches to transitional justice in Nepal

Description

Dr. Simon Robins (Humanitarian Practitioner and Associate, Post War Reconstruction and Development Unit, University of York) gives a talk for the OTJR seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

justice | nepal | asia | politics | transitional justice | law | justice | nepal | asia | politics | transitional justice | law

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Description

Dr Francesca Lessa (LAC and St. Anne's College), gives a talk for the OTJR seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

Uraguay | justice | transitional justice | politics | argentina | law | Uraguay | justice | transitional justice | politics | argentina | law

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Re-imagining Child Soldiers

Description

Professor Mark Drumbl gives a talk for the OTJR seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

justice | transitional justice | law | war | child soldiers | justice | transitional justice | law | war | child soldiers

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Apology, Utopia and Other Catch-22s: Why Criticism of the ICC is Fun, Popular...and Inevitable

Description

Prof. Darryl Robinson, Professor of Law, Queen's University, Canada, gives a talk for the OTJR Seminar Series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

justice | transitional justice | international criminal court | ICC | war | justice | transitional justice | international criminal court | ICC | war

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The Price of Omission: Brazilian Government Reparations to Victims of the Military Regime: Oak Series on Amnesty

Description

Dr. Glenda Mezarobba, Research Fellow, Universidade de Campinas; Executive Director,. 'The Role of the US in the Structure of Global Governance' project, National Institute of Science and Technology for US Studies gives a talk for the OTJR Seminar Series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

brazil | human rights | justice | violence | transitional justice | amnesty | law | war | conflict | brazil | human rights | justice | violence | transitional justice | amnesty | law | war | conflict

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Who is the Terrorist? Memories, Victims and the Use of Legitimate Violence

Description

Dr Diego Muro, Santander Visiting Fellow, St. Antony's College, University of Oxford, gives a talk for the OTJR Seminar Series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

legitimate violence | justice | violence | legitimacy | transitional justice | terrorism | war | legitimate violence | justice | violence | legitimacy | transitional justice | terrorism | war

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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s Pre-Colonial Past

Description

Asanga!Weikala, PhD Candidate, School of Law, University of Edinburgh gives a talk for the OTJR trinity term 2012 seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

Colonialism | justice | asia | sri lanka | transitional justice | war | Colonialism | justice | asia | sri lanka | transitional justice | war

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Excesses of Responsibility and the Power of Political Approaches to Accountability

Description

Dr. Kirsten Ainley, Lecturer in International Relations, London School of Economics gives a talk for the OTJR seminar series on 1st May 2012. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

justice | society | law | politics | transitional justice | justice | society | law | politics | transitional justice

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Description

Betty Bigombe, Ugandan MP, State Minister for Water Resources, and Ugandan Peace Negotiator gives a talk for the OTJR seminar series on 7th February. Part of the Oak series on Amnesty. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

justice | peace | Africa | oak amnesty | Uganda | transitional justice | law | justice | peace | Africa | oak amnesty | Uganda | transitional justice | law | 2012-02-07

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The Politics of International Criminal Law

Description

Courtenay Griffiths, Queen's Counsel (Joint-head of Garden Court Chambers), Defence Lawyer for Charles Taylor, gives a talk for the OTJR seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

justice | politics | criminal law | international law | transitional justice | justice | politics | criminal law | international law | transitional justice | 2011-10-11

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Aftermaths: South Africa after Transitional Justice

Description

Prof. Paul Gready, Director of the Centre for Applied Human Rights, University of York, gives a talk for the OTJR seminar Series on South Africa and Transitional Justice. Introduced by Phil Clark. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

justice | politics | society | transitional justice | south africa | justice | politics | society | transitional justice | south africa | 2011-06-14

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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s Perspective

Description

Special lecture by Sir Geoffrey Nice QC. Deputy prosecutor in the trial of Slobodan Milosevic in The Hague. He has led several cases at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia since 1998. He will provide his perspective on these cases and the work of international criminal courts and tribunals. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

milosevic | international criminal court | criminal courts | society | Yugoslavia | transitional justice | law | milosevic | international criminal court | criminal courts | society | Yugoslavia | transitional justice | law | 2011-05-16

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Beyond Kampala: Taking Stock of the ICC: Current Issues and Future Prospects

Description

Third and final panel session of the Beyond Kampala conference. Panellists for this session are; Darryl Robinson, Professor of Law, Queens University, Kingston, Ontario (addressing complementarity issues), Phil Clark (OTJR, addressing prosecutorial strategies and ICC-state relations), Moderator and concluding remarks regarding the launch of the Global Institute by Donald Ferencz, Global Institute for the Prevention of Aggression. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

human rights | justice | Africa | kampala | transitional justice | human rights | justice | Africa | kampala | transitional justice | 2011-05-13

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Beyond Kampala: The State of State Practice on Aggression

Description

Second Panel session of the Beyond Kampala conference. Panellists for this session are; Astrid Reisinger Coracini (Researcher and Lecturer at the Institute of International Law and International Relations of the University of Graz and member of Austrian delegation at the ICC Review Conference), Bill Wilson (recent member of the Scottish Parliament). Moderator: Deborah Ruiz Verduzco (PGA). Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

human rights | justice | Africa | kampala | transitional justice | human rights | justice | Africa | kampala | transitional justice | 2011-05-13

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Beyond Kampala: What Happened in Kampala?

Description

First Panel session of the Beyond Kampala: The ICC, the Crime of Aggression, and the Future of the Court, held in St Anne's college on 13th May 2011. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

human rights | justice | Africa | kampala | transitional justice | human rights | justice | Africa | kampala | transitional justice | 2011-05-13

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Beyond Kampala: The ICC, the Crime of Aggression, and the Future of the Court - Keynote talk

Description

Keynote by Vice President Hans-Peter Kaul, Judge of the ICC, introduced by Benjamin Ferencz, Chief Prosecutor at the Einsatzgruppen case at the Nuremberg Trials. Part of the Beyond Kampala conference held in St Anne's College on 13th May 2011. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

human rights | justice | Africa | kampala | transitional justice | human rights | justice | Africa | kampala | transitional justice | 2011-05-13

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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